HOPI CODE TALKERS

Hopi Congressional Medals

Although the Navajo tribe is most remembered for its contributions to the World War II communications code units, the Hopi tribe also helped in the communications coding efforts. Ten Hopi men developed a code language which they used to assist US Army intelligence in the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia and the Philippines during the Second World War.

Hopi Code Talkers who served in the United States Army include:

  1. Franklin Shupla
  2. Warren Koiyaquaptewa
  3. Frank Chapella
  4. Travis Yaiva
  5. Charles Lomakema
  6. Percival Navenma
  7. Perry Honani, Sr.
  8. Floyd Dann, Sr.

Hopi Code Talkers who served in the United States Army Air Corps include

  1. Rex Pooyouma
  2. Orville Wadsworth

The two who served in the U.S. Army Air Corps were in 5th Air Force, one assigned to the 380th Bombardment Group and the other to the 90th Bombardment Group.

Rex Pooyouma was identified by the U.S. Army Center of Military Studies in September 2010 as a Hopi Code Talker. In October 2010, documentation was provided that also identified Orville Wadsworth as the 10th Hopi Code Talker.

During WWII, Pooyouma (38072901) was assigned to the ground staff at Group Headquarters in the 380th Bombardment Group.

Rex Pooyouma Rex Pooyouma

Wadsworth was assigned to the 90th Bombardment Group.

Orville WadsworthOrville Wadsworth

Both were selected and trained as part of a secret Native American Code Talker communications network to transmit secret-coded messages using their Hopi Lavayii in the Pacific campaign.

Mr. Rex Pooyouma and Mr. Orville Wadsworth were honored at the 2011 Veteran's Day observance on November 11, 2011, at the Hopi Veteran's Memorial Center, Kykotsmovi, Arizona. The Hopi Code Talker Recognition Day is now an annual event held each year on April 23 at Kykotsmovi, Arizona.

On November 20, 2013, in Emancipation Hall at the U.S. Capitol, 33 tribes were recognized for the dedication and valor of Native American code talkers to the U.S. Armed Services during World Wars I and II. Of the tribes recognized, 25 were presented with their Congressional Gold Medals. To see the medals, go to: Code Talkers Recognition Congressional Medals Program, U.S. Mint: http://www.usmint.gov/mint_programs/medals/?action=codeTalkers&tribe=Hopi

For more information, see the following links:

(1) "Hopi Code Talkers recognized by state senate," by Louella Nahsonhoya, Navajo-Hopi Observer, 25 January 2011: http://www.navajohopiobserver.com/main.asp?SectionID=74&SubSectionID=114&ArticleID=13285

(2) "Hopi Code Talkers Honored," Indian Country Today Media Network Staff, 24 May 2011:
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2011/05/24/hopi-code-talkers-honored-35469

(3) "Inaugural Hopi Code Talkers Recognition Day held," by Sgt 1st Class Joel Quebec, 26 April 2012:
http://www.army.mil/article/78728/Inaugural_Hopi_Code_Talkers_Recognition_Day_held/

(4) "Hopi Code Talkers Day Recognizes Hopi Veterans," by Crystal Dee, the Hopi Tutuveni, 7 May 2013:
http://www.hopi-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/5-7-2013_Vol.21No.9.pdf

(5) "Hopi Code Talker Recognition Day," by Mihio Manus, the Hopi Tutuveni, 6 May 2014:
http://www.hopi-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/5-6-2014_Vol.22No.9.pdf

(6) "2015 Hopi Code Talkers Recognition Day," by Louella Nahsonhoya, the Hopi Tutuveni, 5 May 2015:
http://www.hopi-nsn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/5-5-15_Vol23-No9.pdf3_.pdf

(7) 380th Bomb Group Association newsletter articles:

News48.pdf
News49.pdf
News50.pdf
News52.pdf
News53.pdf
News55.pdf
News57.pdf

 


Last Updated: 31 March 2016